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Laparoscopic or "minimally-invasive" surgery is a specialized surgical technique. In the past, this technique was only used for gynecological and gallbladder surgery, but it is now used across various surgical specialties.

In traditional "open" surgery, the surgeon makes a single incision to enter the abdomen. In contrast, laparoscopic or minimally-invasive surgery consists of several small incisions made to the abdomen, through which surgical instruments and a fiber-optic camera are utilized while the patient is under the effect of general anesthesia.

The laparoscopic incisions are between 0.5 to 1cm. Each incision serves as a "port," in which the specialist surgeon inserts a tubular instrument known as a trochar.

Throughout the procedure, specialized instruments and a special camera, known as a laparoscope, are passed through the trochars.

In order to facilitate visibility and maneuverability, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas. The laparoscope transmits images of the abdominal cavity to the high-resolution video monitors in the operation room.

This allows for the specialized surgeon to observe the detailed images and perform the same operations as in traditional surgery, but through smaller incisions.

Laparoscopic surgery is considered to be one of the greatest surgical advances of the 20th century, for the fact that it offers the same operations as open surgery, but avoids large incisions, making it more beneficial for the patient.

Mini-laparoscopy is a new minimally-invasive surgical technique that differs from the consecrated laparoscopic surgery by using even smaller caliber instruments. The technique stems from the search for options that would reduce the number and size of surgical incisions from 1 centimeter to 2-3 millimeters.

Mini-laparoscopy is one of the surgical methods most valued today, because it offers better cosmetic results for the patient. It is also known as "scarless" surgery, being that scars disappear within a few weeks.

Among these include:

• Bariatric surgery
• Type II Diabetes Mellitus Surgery
• Gastric Bypass Surgery
• Gynecological Surgeriy
• Colon and Rectal Surgery Including Appendix
• Oncology
• Colectomy
• Colostomy or Laparoscopic Ileostomy
• Cholecystectomy
• Cystectomy
• Splenectomy
• Adrenalectomy
• Surgical Sterilizations
• Pancreatectomy